The Case of Taraweeh in the Court of Hanafi Fuqaha

There is no doubt in the fact that the sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in Qiyam ul-Layl (Taraweeh Prayer) in the sacred month of Ramadaan is 11 rak’ah including witr, as affirmed by the Mother of Ummah, Sayyidah Aisha Siddeeqah (radiallah anha) that: 

“Imaam ul-A’dham Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) did not exceed praying 11 rak’ah neither in ramadaan nor outside of ramadaan” [Saheeh Bukhaaree: 1/154 H. 1148, 1/269 H. 2013; Saheeh Muslim: 1/254 H. 738]”

So when the Fatwa of Umm ul-Mu’mineen regarding the number of rak’ahs proven from Prophet is 11 rak’ah with witr, then the propaganda of the Gustaakh (irreverent) of our Mother declaring this method to be bid’ah and claiming the sunniyyat of 20 rak’aahs, is all useless.

The Fatwa of Farooq e A’dham, Umar bin Kathaab (radiallah anhu)

The Caliph of the Muslim Nation, Umar Farooq (radiallah anhu), during his long caliphate, also ordered for taraweeh to be 11 rak’ahs, while acting upon the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him), as said by Saa’ib bin Yazeed that:

“Umar ordered Ubay bin Ka’b and Tameem ad-Daari to lead the people in 11 rak’ah during the qiyaam of ramadaan.” [Muwatta Imaam Maalik: 1/115]

When the Farooqi order, from the Authentic chain, is upon 11 rak’aahs taraweeh, then attributing the Da’eef and Mawdoo narrations of 20 rak’aahs to Umar is disrespectful, in fact it’s an open opposition to the order and fatwa of Umar Farooq (radiallah anhu). Allahumma la taj’alna minhum!

Taking evidence from weak and fabricated ahadeeth, in order to misguide the common Muslims and to defend their weak Madhab, is not only the habbit of taqleed parast Mullas, but also the consequent of their animosity to Islaam. As the weakest narration of Yazeed bin Romaan, is a witness to this.

Whereas, if we dig out the truth then we find that besides the Noble and great Muhadditheen, even the leaders of Hanafiyyah have accepted it to be Da’eef in clear and explicit words. For more details see the famous books of hanafi Madhab, “Nasb ur Raya: 2/154”, “Umdat ul Qaari 7/178”, The famous book of the Founder of Tableeghi Jamaat, Muhammad Zikriyah Al-Ansaari Kandhalwi Hanafi  Tableeghi “Awjaz al-Masalik ila Muwatta Imaam Maalik 3/302.”

Secondly, it is authentically reported from Saaib bin Yazeed that:

“We used to pray 11 rak’ah during the Caliphate of Umar” [Sunan Sa’eed bin Mansoor: 1/416]

When the Farooqi order is 11 rak’aahs and the practice of the people during his caliphate is also upon 11 rak’ahs, then declaring the 20 rak’aahs to be Sunnah and attributing it to the Sahaabah, is not only the proof of ignorance and lack of knowledge, but also a clear proof of Madhab Parasti (Worship of the Madhab).

The Fatwa of the founder of Fiqh Hanafi, Ghayr Muqallid Imaam Abu Haneefah

What else can a bigger shameful thing be, for the worshipers of taqleed, that according to their own Ghayr Muqallid Imaam Abu Hanifah also, the Qiyaam ul-Layl (Taraweeh Prayer) is 11 rak’aahs, as his famous student Ghayr Muqallid Imaam Abu Yoosuf has narrated in his “Kitaab Al-Athaar”. Abu Yoosuf, while narrating from Abu Hanfeefah, writes that:

“Narrated Abu Haneefah, from Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Ali, from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he used to perform 11 rak’aahs with witr, after Isha in the last part until Fajr, and then he used to perform 2 rak’ahs of morning afterwards.”

No difference between Taraweeh and Tahajjud according to the Hanafi Scholars

In order to misguide the common Muslims, the Taqleed worshipper Hanafis, try to distinguish between taraweeh and tahajjud. Whereas, during the 27th night when the Prophet led the people in taraweeh, it took the whole night and the time for Suhoor came. [Ibn Hibbaan: 6/288] So when did he perform Tahajjud? If it was Tahajjud then when did he perform Taraweeh?

If the sunnah and the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is not hujjah for these taqleed worshippers then at least they should, shamefully, accept the saying of their Akabireen. Despite the fact that the famous Muttasub Hanafi Deobandi, Abdur Rasheed Arshad writes that: “The real thing is to follow the Sharee’at.” [Bees Baray Musalman: P 387]

The sayings of Anwar Shaah Kaashmiree, hold the position of Quran o Hadeeth for the Muqallideen, because Anwar Shaah Kashmiri is considered the evidence for the Haqaniyat of Islaam in the world of Hanafiyyah, as said by Ashraf Ali Thanvi (see: Bees Baray Musalman: Pg. 373). In fact Shabeer Ahmed Uthmaani Deobandi said, upon the death of Anwar Shah Kashmiri that: “If a man from Misr and Shaam asked me, have you seen Haafidh Ibn Hajar, Shaikh Ibn Daqeeq ul-Eed, and Shaikh Azeez ud-Deen bin Abdu s-Salam?, so I would say yes metaphorically, because only the period is changed, otherwise if Anwar Shah Kashmiri were in 6th or 7th century, then his virtues and praises would also have been written in the pages of History.” [Bees Baray Musalman: Pg 373]

Maulaana Anwar Shaah Kaashmiree, while exposing the difference between tahajjud and taraweeh, writes that:

“It is not proven from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in any of the narration that there is a dfference between taraweeh and tahajjud.” [Urf al-Shazi: Pg 177]

In fact, this was also the position of Maulana Abdul Hay Lakhnawi Hanafi, Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi, Qaasim Nanotwi, and Abdul Haqq Dahelwi Hanafi Soofi. [See: Al-Haqq al-Sareeh fi Ithbat at-Taraweeh (Pg 1), Jaa ul-Haqq with reference to Madarij an-Nabuwwah: 1/400]

After narrating the Fatawa of such Hanafi Akabireen, the taqleed worshipper Hanafi Mullas should have a sip of shame and stop the fraud and deception of distinguishing between taraweeh and tahajjud.

The similitude of tahajjud and taraweeh is of a road called Sharah Lahore, which when passes through Raheem Yaar Khan (a city name) is called Raheem Yaar Khan Road, and when the same road passes through Saadiq Abaad, it is called Saadiqabaad road, whereas the road is same.

Similarly, when the Qiyaam ul-Layl is performed in other than the month of ramadaan, is called “Tahajjud”, and when the same prayer comes in ramadaan it is called “Taraweeh”.

The Acceptance of Truth by Imaam Abu Yoosuf

The student of Ghayr Muqallid Imaam Abu Haneefah, Abu Yoosuf writes that the Qiyaam ul-Layl of the Prophet is 11 rakahs with witr after Isha until the fajr, as he has narrated from his famous Ghayr Muqallid Teacher, Abu Haneefah in Kitaab al-Athaar, the details has been passed before. 

If there is no doubt in this book, then it is necessary upon the taqleed worshippers that they prove with an authentic chain from their Ghayr Muqallid Imaam Abu Haneefah, and Abu Yoosuf that taraweeh is 20 rak’aah. Because they have narrated the practice of 11 rak’aah with witr in this book under the heading of “Qiyaam al-Layl”, and if you cannot prove it from them with an authentic chain, then those declaring taqleed to be waajib should drink the Taqleedi Poison and vanish permanently, or otherwise, make tawbah from the cursed taqleed and accept the truth of Maslak Ahl al-Hadeeth.

The courageous Fatwa of Imaam Muhammad

Imaam Muhammad – Rahimahullaah – one of the renowned students of Imaam Abu Haneefah – Rahimahullaah – has mentioned in his book ‘Muwatta’ the famous narration of Aa’ishah (radi-Allaahu ‘anhaa): 

“Whether it was Ramadhaan or any other month Allaah’s Messenger (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) did not pray more than eleven Rakaa’ah.” [Muwatta, Imaam Muhammad, page 138]

 

After narrating this narration, Muhammad bin Hassan said:

 “And we act upon this narration”.

If there is even a little advocacy for taqleed left in the worshippers of taqleed, then they should accept the verdict of their Imaam, whom they consider the cook of Hanafi Fiqh as said by Ibn Abideen in Radd ul-Mukhtaar (1/50)

The Fatwa of Mulla Aynee 

‘Allaamah Ainnee Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – writes the following in his book ‘Umdatul-Qaree’: 

“If you were to state that it is not clear in the narrations (by Imaam Bukhaaree), regarding the number of Rakaa’ah the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) prayed in these nights (the three (3) nights of Ramadhaan).

In response I say there is a narration from Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibbaan from the Hadeeth of Jaabir (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) who said that:

  “The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) prayed eight Rakaa’ah with us in the month of Ramadhaan and finished with the Witr.” [Umdatul-Qaree Sharah Saheeh Bukhaaree, vol. 3, page 597, Egyptian print]

The Fatwa of Zayla’ee Hanafi

‘Allaamah Zailaee Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – has also asserted in ‘Nasbur-Rayaah Fee Takhreejer Ahadeetheer Hidaayah’:   

“Also Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh has narrated from Jaabir Ibn Abdullaah (radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) prayed Eight Rakaa’ah with his Companions (radi-Allaahu ‘anhum ajma’een) in the month of Ramadhaan and finished with Witr.” [Nasbur-Rayaah, vol. 2, page 152]

‘Allaamah Zailaee Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – also writes:

“Ibn Abee Shaibah has narrated from the Hadeeth of Ibrahim Ibn Uthmaan Abu Shaibah that the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) used to pray twenty Rakaa’ah finishing with the Witr. This Hadeeth is Ma’lool meaning DA’EEF (weak) because it contains a narrator by the name of Abu Bakr Ibn Abee Shaibah. This narrator is DA’EEF (a weak narrator), because there is a consensus amongst all the Muhadditheen (scholars of Hadeeth) that the (above) narrator (Abu Shaibah Ibrahim Ibn Uthmaan) is Da’eef (a weak narrator).” [Nasbur-Rayyah, vol. 2, page 153]

‘Allaamah Zailee Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – further says:

“Ibn Adda in ‘Kamil’ has declared the (above) narration (the narration which contains Abu Shaibah Ibrahim Ibn Uthmaan) ‘Leen’ (meaning Da’eef – weak). Apart from this the (above) narration contradicts the authentic narration reported by Aa’ishah (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhaa), which is:

“Abu Salmah Ibn Abdur-Rahmaan asked Aa’ishah (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhaa) about the Messenger’s (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) prayer in Ramadhaan.” She said, “Whether in was in Ramadhaan or any other month, Allaah’s Messenger did not pray more than eleven Rakaa’ah.” [Nasbur-Rayaah, vol. 2, page 153]

The Fatwa of Ibn Hummaam Hanafi

Imaam Ibn Humaam – Rahimahullaah – writes in ‘Fathul-Qadeer’:

“In conclusion the Qiyaam of Ramadhaan (Taraweeh) consists of eight Rakaa’ah with Jamaa’ah (congregation) as it was done by our beloved Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam).” [Fathul-Qadeer, Sharah Hidayaah, vol. 1, page 334]

Written in the footnote of ‘Hidaayah’ (a reliable book of the Hanafee Fiqh, vol. 1, page 96), is the following:

“The ‘Sunnah’ is that which the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) did regularly.”

Ibn Hummaam while criticizing the hadeeth of 20 rak’aahs says:

“The narration which Ibn Abee Shaybah, Tabaraanee and Bayhaqee have narrated from Ibn Abbaas (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) used to pray twenty Rakaa’ah finishing with Witr in the month of Ramadhaan is ‘Da’eef’ (weak). As the narrator is Abu Shaibah Ibrahim Ibn Uthmaan who is the grandfather of Imaam Abu Bakr Ibn Abee Shaibah and he is ‘Da’eef’ (a weak narrator). Apart from this the (above) narration also contradicts the authentic narration.” [Fathul- Qadeer Ma’aa Hidayyah, vol. 1, page 205]

The Fatwa of Mulla Ale Qaari

‘Allaamah Mullaa Alee Qaaree Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – says: 

“Verily the Taraweeh prayer consists of eleven Rakaa’ah as it was the practice of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam).” [Mirqaat Haashiyah Mishkaat, vol. 2, page 115]

After quoting this ‘Allaamah Mullaa Alee Qaaree Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – also says:

“Therefore it has authentically been proven from the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) that he (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) prayed Eight Rakaa’ah Taraweeh with his Companions (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhum ajma’een) and finished with the Witr.” [Mirqaat Haashiyah Mishkaat, vol. 2, page 174]

The Fatwa of Abdul Hay Lakhnawi Hanafi

‘Allaamah Abdul Hayy Lucknaawee Hanafee Rahimahullaah  states in his book ‘Taleequl-Mumjeed’ that:

“The narration which Ibn Hibbaan has narrated in his Saheeh of Jaabir Ibn Abdullaah (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) that the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) prayed eight Rakaa’ah (Taraweeh), with his Companions in the month of Ramadhaan and finished with Witr is Very Saheeh.” [Taleequl-Mumjeed, Sharah Muwatta, Imaam Muhammad]

The Fatwa of Muhammad Ibn Nasr Marwaazee

Imaam Muhammad Ibn Nasr Marwazee – Rahimahullaah – in his book ‘Qiyaamul-Lail’ from Jaabir Ibn Abdullaah (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) that Ubay Ibn Ka’ab (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) went to the Messenger of Allaah (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) and said:

“I have done something last night (in Ramadhaan).” The Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam), said, “What is it, Ubay?” He (Ubay Ibn Ka’ab) replied, “Some of the women in my house told me, ‘We cannot read the Qur’ân, so can you lead us in prayer?’, so I led them in eight Rakaa’ah followed by one Witr.” The Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) did not say anything which made it an approved Sunnah (taqreere). [Qiyaamul-Lail, Marwazee, page 90. Al-Haythamee said about this report in Majma-Zawaaed, vol. 2, page 74, that it’s Isnaad (chain) is Hasan (good)]

The Fatwa of Imaam Tahawi Hanafi

Imaam Tahaawee – Rahimahullaah – has said in ‘Ma’aaneul-Athaar’, which is considered as one of the most reliable books in Hanafee Fiqh:

“Sa’eeb Ibn Yazeed has said Umar Ibn al-Khattab (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) commanded Ubay Ibn Ka’ab and Tameem ad-Daaree to lead the people in (Qiyaam) Taraweeh with eleven Rakaa’ah finishing with the Witr.” [Ma’aaneul-Athaar, vol. 1, page 173, and also narrated in Muwatta Imaam Maalik, page 40]

From the above narration we come to understand that the practice of the Companions of the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) was to pray eight Rakaa’ah Taraweeh, and also during the era of the second Caliph Umar (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhu) said or did the Sunnah of the Taraweeh prayer which was eight Rakaa’ah finishing with Witr, as it has been reported by Imaam Tahaawee – Rahimahullaah – in ‘Ma’aaneul-Athaar’.

The Fatwa of Ahmed Tahtawi

Imaam Ahmad Tahtaawee – Rahimahullaah – writes:

“Verily the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) did not pray twenty (20), but he prayed eight (8) Rakaa’ah.” [Tahtaawee Hashiyyab, Dure – Mukhtar, vol. 1, page 295]

In the same manner ‘Allaamah Abu Saood Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – has written, in ‘Sharah Kanz’, a similar statement on page 265.

The Fatwa of Abul Akhlaas Al-Hassan bin Ammaar Shurunbalaani Hanafi

‘Allaamah Abul-Hasan Shurunbalaalee Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – the author of the famous Hanafee Fiqh book regarding worship ‘Noor ul-Eedhaa’ writes:

“It has authentically been established that the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) prayed eleven Rakaa’ah with congregation finishing with the Witr.” [Maraaqiul-Falaah Sharah Noor ul-Eedhaa, page 274]

From the book ‘Zuhratul Riyaadil Abraar’, chapter of Taraweeh, Issue: Eight Rakaa’ah Taraweeh:

‘Allaamah Shurunbalaalee has stated in his book ‘Maraqeeyul Falaah, Sharah Noorul Idha’ (the explanation of Noorul Idha):

“To pray eight Rakaa’ah in congregation is Sunnatul Kifaayah (a Sunnah to be performed by a group of people), as it has been proven that the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) prayed eleven Rakaa’ah in congregation concluding with the Witr.”

The Fatwa of Ahsan Nanotwi

Moulvi Muhammad Ahsan Nanotwi – Rahimahullaah – writes:

“Because the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) did not pray twenty but he prayed eight Rakaa’ah.” [(Footnote) of Kanzud – Daqaaeq, page 36]

The Fatwa of Ahmed Alee Saharanpoori

Moulvi Ahmad Alee Sharanpuri – Rahimahullaah – writes:

“Verily the Qiyaam (Taraweeh) of Ramadhaan is Sunnah with eleven Rakaa’ah in congregation finishing with the Witr, just as it was the practice of the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) in the month of Ramadhaan with congregation.” [(Footnote) of Bukhaaree, vol. 1, page 154]

And the following has also been written:

“The only authentic narration which has been proven with Saheeh Hadeeth regarding the Taraweeh prayer with the Witr is the narration of eight Rakaa’ah.” [Ain ul-Hidayyah, page 562]

The Fatwa of the Founder of Tableeghi Jamaat, Zakareeyyah Kadhalwi

One of the famous late Hanafee Scholars by the name of Moulvi Muhammad Zakareeyyah Khandelvi – Rahimahullaah, author of “Tableeghi Nisaab”, says:

“According to the principles of the Muhadditheen (Scholars of Hadeeth) it has not been authentically proven in the correct manner with a ‘Marfoo’ narration, (‘elevated’, a narration from the Prophet Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam), reported by a companion, successor, and others that the Prophet (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) prayed twenty.” [Awjazul-Masaalik Sharah Muwatta Imaam Maalik, vol. 1, page 397]

The Fatwa of Nao’maan Hanafi

Noa’maan has reported,

“As it has been commonly known (amongst the people) that twenty Rakaa’ah Taraweeh is the Sunnah, this is not authentically proven from the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam). What is correct is at the time of the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) according to his command the practiced Sunnah was in accordance with the (famous) narration of Aa’ishah (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhaa) as it can be found in Saheeh Bukhaaree, which is:

“Whether it was Ramadhaan or any other month Allaah’s Messenger (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) did not pray more than eleven Rakaa’ah.”

Aa’ishah (Radi-Allaahu ‘anhaa) knows better than other people about the affairs of the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) at night.” [In Fatah Sirul-Manaan Fee Ta’eed Madhabeen-Noa’maan]

The Fatwa of Anwar Shaah Kashmiree

‘Allaamah Anwar Shah Kashmiree Hanafee – Rahimahullaah – writes the following about twenty Rakaa’ah:

“What is authentically proven from the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is the number of eight Rakaa’ah and the report that states that the Prophet (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) prayed twenty has been narrated with a weak chain which makes it Da’eef (weak) and there is ‘IJMAA’ (consensus) upon its weakness.” [Al-Urfus – Shizaa, page 209]

The Fatwa of Ibn Najeem Hanafi

The Second Abu Haneefah, Maulvi Ibn Najeem Hanafi Nu’maani, while announcing the truthfulness of Ahl ul-Hadeeth says that:

“In this issue, 11 rak’aah with witr is proven as in the hadeeth of Sahihayn. Thus according to the creed of our Teachers, Eight (8) rak’ah is sunnah and the remaining 12 out of 20 are Mustahab.” [Bahar al-Raqaaiq Sharh Kanz ad-Daqaaiq: 2/66-67]

The taqleed worshipper, Ibn Najeem Hanafi has daringly, not only accepted that 8 rak’ah taraweeh without witr is the sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him), but he also declared it to be the creed of all his teacher. If the real aqeedah of Hanafi akabireen is proven to be 8 rak’ah taraweeh, then the contemporary mutassub worshippers of taqleed should go ahead and declare all the so-called Fuqaha from Imam Abu Hanifah to Ibn Najeem Haafi, to be Bid’ati (innovators), because they all are of the view of 8 rak’ah taraweeh.

The Fatwa of Khaleel Ahmed Saharanpoori Deobandi

Khaleel Ahmed Saharanpoori Deobandi writes:

“8 rak’ah taraweeh being Sunnah Mu’akkadah is agreed upon, if there is any difference that it is upon 12 rak’ah.” [Baraheen Qaari: 1/402]

If Hanafis and Deobandis are agreed upon that 8 rak’ah taraweeh is sunnah Mu’akkadah, then declaring it to be a Bid’ah, and declaring 20 rak’ah to be Sunnah, and then claiming the false Ijmaa on it is not only a huge deception to the common people but also a slap on the faces of their Hanafi Akabireen – including Abu Haneefah and Sahibayn – by Ahnaaf themselves.

In fact the same, Molvi Saharanpoori further says that:

“The summary of this issue is that the Qiyaam of Ramadaan is proven to be 11 rak’ah including wtr from the Prophet (peace be pon him).” [Haashiah on Saheeh Bukhaari: 1/154]

Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi revealing the truth

Rasheed Ahmed Gangohi says that:

“It is not from hidden from any person of Knowledge that Qiyaam Ramadaan (Taraweeh) and Qiyaam al-Layl are actually the same thing. Qiyaam was established in the beginning of the night in ramadaan for the benefit of the people; and in normal conditions it was established in the late part of night for its greatness. Qiyaam al-Layl is proven to be 11 rak’aat from the Prophet (peace be upon him), infact less is also proven. 13 rak’ahs, besides the two sunnah rak’ahs of Morning, are present in Bukhari and Muslim.” [Al-Haqq al-Sareeh fi Ithbaat at-Taraweeh (pg 1)]

Acceptance of turth by the founder of Jama’at Islaami, Abul ‘Alaa Mawdoodi Hanafi

The founder of Jamaat Islaami, Abul ‘Alaa Mawdoodi Hanafi says:

“After collecting all the ahadeeth, what we come to know is that the prayer which the Prophet (peace be upon him) led in congregation in ramadaan, was during the early part of night, not in the last part, and it was 8 rak’aahs, not 20 rak’aahs. Even though one of the narrations is also about 20 rak’aahs, but it is Da’eef than the narration of 8.” [Rasaail o Masaail: 2/167]

The Fatwa of Qhaadhi Shams ud-Deen Deobandi

Qaadhi Shams ud-Deen Deobandi writes that:

“According to me, I neither refuse to accept that 8 rak’aah is the sunnah, nor do I consider it correct to abandon it through my action, and nor do I abandon them as much as I can, and nor do I advice someone to leave them, and nor is my Jamaat of Hanafiyyah is the rejector and abandoner of 8 rak’aah Sunnah, rather we say that 8 rak’aah is Sunnah, indeed.” [Al-Qaul al-Faseeh: Pg 5]

By now, the sheets for mourning and grieving should have been laid out for the worshippers of taqleed to mourn upon, as their Peer and Murshid Qaadhi Shams ud-Deen, not only declares 8 rak’aahs to be Mustahsan, but he himself performed 8 rak’aahs in usual conditions. In fact he even calls the nation towards it. But unfortunately, some Mutassub Taqleed worshippers of this era declare the same 8 rak’ah to be Bid’ah. Its worth thinking that who is the Liar then?

Note: Below is a list Compiled of Hanafi scholars and their books which agree that the hadeeth of 20 rakaats of tarawih is dhaeef (Weak) as compared to 8 rakaah.  

1) Mujtahid Allama kamal Ibnul Hamam (hanafi) in fath hul Qadeer pg 205.

2) Mulla ali qari in mirqat Shahre mishqat.

3) Allama Ibn zeli Hanafi Nasbur-riaya fi Takhreejul Ahadeeth Al-Hidaya vol 1 pg 293

4) Durre mukhtar pg 216

5) Sharh Kanzby Allama masood misri pg 665

6) Allama Abu Tayyab Muhammad Bin Abdul Kadir Sindhi Madni, Hanafi.Nashqbandi in Shayh Tirmidi pg 423

7) Allama Anwar Sha kashmiri in Afurasazi Vol 1 pg 329

8) Aiynul Hidaya part 1 -pg 563

9) Nurul Hidaya pg 133

10) GayatulAvtar vol 1pg 326

11) Moulana Yusuf Kandhalvi “Ameer Tablig Jamaat” in his book ” Hayat -us-Sahaba” Vol 3 pg 165-167 in the chapter of “Tarawih” agrees that Tarawih consists of 8 rakaah only. Nowhere in the entire chapter he mentions anything about 20 rakaahs.  

12) Hanafi Muhaddith Abdul Haq Dehlvi in his book Fatharasool mannan pg 227 ” the tradition of 20 rakaah which is common these days has no proof of authenticity from the prophet (pbuh) The narration of Ibn Abbas in Ibne Abi Shaiba about 20 rakaah is dhaeef (Weak).” It contradicts the Saheeh hadeeth of Ayesha (ra).

“DO NOT MIX TRUTH WITH FALSEHOOD NOR CONCEAL THE TRUTH WHEN YOU KNOW” (Al-Quran surah Al-Baqrah: 2 Chapter:42)

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