Muhammad Bin Abdur-Rehman Bin Abi Laila Under The Scales Of “Jarh wat Ta’deel”

Introduction to Muhammad Bin Abdur-Rehman Bin Abi Laila in the field of Jarha and ta’deel:


Jarha (Criticism):

1: Shu’bah bin Al-Hajjajsaid:

ما رأيت أحدا أسوأ حفظا منه، I never saw any person weak in memorization more than him

And said:

ومرة: أفادني أحاديث فإذا هي مقلوبة

[Al-Jarah wal-Ta’deel 322/7]

2: Zaidah said:

“ترك حديثه” Leave his narrations

[Ref: Same as above]

3: Yahya bin Sa’eed al-Qattan said:

“سيئ الحفظ جدا” Very weak in memorization

[Ref: Same as above]

4: Ahmed bin Hanbal said:

“سيئ الحفظ مضطرب الحديث Weak in memorization, Mudtarib ul-Hadith

[ref:Same book, Pg 323]

5: Yahya bin Ma’een said:

ضعيف الحديث,/ ليس بذاك He is nohing/ Weak in Hadith

[Al-Majroheen 245/2]

6: Abu Haatim ar-Raazi said:

محله الصدق كان سيئ الحفظ،إنما ينكر عليه كثرة الخطأ Muhalla al-Sidq, He is weak in Hifz, He is abandoned due to making a lot mistakes

[Al-Jarah wal Ta’deel]

7: Abu Zu’rah said:

“صالح ليس بأقوي ما يكون” Saalih (Pious), (but) not the strongest

[Same book]

8: Al-Juzjanisaid:

“سيئ الحفظ” Weak from the memory

[Ahwaal-Al-rijaal: 86]

9: Al-Nisai said:

“يس بالقوي في الحديث” He is not strong in Hadith

[Al-Du’fa by Al-Nisai: 525]

10: Ibn Adi said:

“مع سوء حفظه يكتب حديثه” With his poor memory, write his narrations

[Al-Kaamil 2195/6]

11: Salma bin Kuhailsaid:

یکذب علیLied upon

[Al-Du’fa by Al-Ukaili]

12: Al-Daraqutnisaid:

ثقة، في حفظه شيء، ومرة: ليس بحافظ، ومرة : ضعيف الحديث سيئ الحفظ رديء الحفظ كثير الوهم

Thiqqah, fi Hifza Shai, And said: He is not a Haafidh, also said: He is Weak in Hadith, Weak in memorization. Poor in memorization, Has many illusions

[Al-Sunan 124/1, 241/1, 263/2…]

13: Ibn HIbban said:

رديء الحفظ كثير الوهم فاحش الخطأ فاستحق الترک

Poor in memorization, Has many illusions, Grossly mistaken, Deserves to be abandoned

[Al-Majroheen 244/2]

14: Al-Baihaqi said:

كثير الوهم ضعیف فی الروایہ، لسوء حفظه وكثرة خطأه

Has a lot of illusions, Weak in narrating, Weak in memorization, Makes many Mistakes

[Al-Sunan al-Kubra 24/1, 334/5]

15: Zailai Hanafi said:

“ضعیف” Weak

[Nasb ur-Rayaa 318/1]

16: Muhammad bin Tahir al-Maqdasi said:

“اجمعوا علیٰ ضعفہ” There is consensus on his weakness

[Tadhkiratul-Mawdo’at: 90, 24]

17: Al-Dhahabi said:

“صدوق سيئ الحفظ” Truthful, Weak in memorization

[Diwaan al-Du’fa 279]

18: Ibn Hajr said:

“ضعیف” Weak

[Fathul-Bari 214/4]

19: Tahawi said:

“مضطرب الحفظ جداً” Very Confused in memorization

[Mushkil al-Athaar: 226/3]

20: Al-Haithami said:

“ضعیف” Weak

[Majma al-Zawaid 78/1]

21: Muhammad bin Ishaaq al-Sa’di said:

یستحق ان یترک حدیثہ His ahadith deserve to be abandoned

[Al-Majroheen 246/2]

22: Al-Sajisaid:

“سيئ الحفظ” Weak in Memorization

[Tahdheeb (without any sanad)]

23: Ibn Jareer al-Tabari said:

لا یھتج بہ He is not a Hujja

[Same]

24: Ibn Khuzaimah said:

“ليس بحافظ” He is not a Hafidh

[Same]

25: Abu Ahmed al-Hakim said:

“عامۃ احادیثہ مقلوبۃ”

[Same]

26: Ibn al-Madini said:

سيئ الحفظ واھی الحدیث

[Same]

27: Ibn al-Qatan said:

سيئ الحفظ Weak in memorization

[Nasb ur-Rayaa 182/2]

28: Al-Nadwi said:

“ضعیف” Weak

[Nasb ur-Rayaa 84/4]

29: Ibn Al-Jawzi said:

“ف کلھم ضعا” They all weakned him

[Nasb ur-Rayaa 107/4]

30: Al-Mundhiri said:

ثقہ ردئ الحفظ کثیراٰ کذا قال الجمھور فیہ

[Al-Targheeb 525/5]

31: Ibn Hazam said:

“سيئ الحفظ” Weak in Memorization

[Al-Muhalla 123/7]

32: Al-Sakhawi said:

“سيئ الحفظ” Weak in Memorization

[Al-Qaul al-Badee’ 167,168]

Ta’deel (Praise):

1. Al-Ijli said:

“صدوق ثقہ” Truthful, Siqqah

[Ma’rifat al-Thiqqat 244,243/2]

2. Ya’qoob bin Sufyan said:

“ثقة عدل” Siqqah, Just

[Tahdheeb] (without any sanad)

3. Zaidah said:

“كان أفقه أهل الدنيا” He is the jurist of the people of earth

[Al-Jarah 322/7]

4. Tirmidhi:

“صحح لہ” Authenticated him

[Derwi 165]

5. Al-Dhahabi said:

“ھدیثہ فی وزن الحسن”

[Tadhkirat al-Huffaz 171/1]

6. Ibn al-Qayyim, and al-Haithami said:

ھدیثہ حسن ان شاء اللہ

[Derwi, Pg 165, 166]


From the above sayings of Imams and Muhadditheen, we came to know that a huge amount of scholars have declared Muhammad bin Abi Laila to be Da’eef, Sai ul-Hifz, and Kathir ul-Wahem. According to Baihaqi, he was Kathirul-Khata (one who makes a lot of mistakes); therefore the authentication of just a few scholars is rejected. Some scholars declaring him to be a Faqeeh (Jurist), is not an evidence of his authentication.

Zaidah declared him to be Faqeeh, but still he rejected his ahadith.

The sayings of Dhahabi and Haithami are contradictory, therefore they are neutral. The scholars who have praised him, they have done so, only on his personality, he was a truthful person, but was weak in Hadith due to his weak memory, and making a lot of mistakes.

Muhammad Bin Abi Laila and Ahnaaf (Hanafis):

Hanafi and non-Ahle-Hadith people have also declared Ibn abi Laila to be Da’eef

1) Tahawi Hanafi said: He is confused (Mudtarib) in memorizarion. [Mushkil al-Athaar 226/3]
2) Zaylai said: Da’eef [Nasb ur-Rayaa 318/1]
3) Ibn al-Turkamani Hanafi said: Ibn Abi Laila is criticized. [Al-Jawahir al-Naqi 347/7]
4) Al-Naimwi said: He is not strong. [Athaar al-Sunan: H 32]
5) Khalil Ahmed Sahanpuri Deobandi said: Kathirul-Wahem (Making a lot of Illusions). [Bazl al-Majhood Vol 3, Pg 37]
6) Anwar Shah Kashmiri deobandi said: “..he is weak according to me, and this is also the saying of Jumhoor”. [Faiz ul-Bari 168/3]
7) Muhammad Yunuf Binnori Deobandi has also declared Ibn Abi Laila to be weak in accordance to the Jumhoor. [Ma’ariful Sunan 290/5].

Written By Shaikh Zubair Ali Zai (Rahimahullah).
Translated By Our Brother Raza Hasan. May Allah reward him abundantly for his efforts, Ameen.

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