HAZRAT ABDULLAH IBN MAS’OOD RADIALLAHU ANHU KA DEEN ME TAQLEED NA KARNE KA HUKM

HAZRAT ABDULLAH IBN MAS’OOD RADIALLAHU ANHU KA DEEN ME TAQLEED NA KARNE KA HUKM.

 

أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ اللهِ الْحَافِظُ، ثنا أَبُو الْعَبَّاسِ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ، ثنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، ثنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ الْوَهْبِيُّ، ثنا إِسْرَائِيلُ، عَنْ أَبِي حُصَيْنٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ وَثَّابٍ، عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ يَعْنِي ابْنَ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ: ” لَا تُقَلِّدُوا دِينَكُمُ الرِّجَالَ فَإِنْ أَبَيْتُمْ فَبِالْأَمْوَاتِ لَا بِالْأَحْيَاءِ

Hazrat Abdullah Bin Masood (Radiallahu Anhu) ne farmaya:

“ Deen mein logoon ki taqleed na karo, pas agar tum inkaar karte ho toh murdoon ki (iqtida) kar lo, zindoon k na karo”

[ Sunan Kubra Lil Bahaqi, Jild no.2, Safa no.10,
Dosra Nuska, Jild no.2, Safa no.16, Hadith no.2236,
Teesri Nuska, Jild no.2, Safa no.10, Hadith no.2328, Sanad Sahih ]

Rawiyoon Ka Tarruf:

PAHLA RAVI :

Imam Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Abdullah (Rahimahullah) siqa hai.

[1] Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah) farmate hai:

الامام الحافظ، الناقد العلامة، شيخ المحدثين

Al-Imamul Hafizu, Naqid, Muhadithseen k sheikh the

[ Seyeer Alamul Nubla, Jild no.17, Safa no.163, Raqam no.100 ]

Aur farmaya:

الحافظ الكبير…. وهو ثقة حجة

Hafizul Kabeer….aur yeh siqa hujjut thy

{Al-Abar Fee Khabar Min Gabar, Safa no.180}

[2] Imam Abu Abbas Shamsudeen Ahmad Bin Muhammad Bin Abi Bakr Bin Khalkaan (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

الحافظ… إمام أهل الحديث

Hafiz….Ahle Hadith kImam

{Wafayaatul Aayaan, Jild no.4, Safa no.280}

[3]Imam Ibne Jawzi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

الإمام الكبير صاحب التصانيف في الحديث

Bohut baday Imam, Hadith mein Sahib-e-Tasaneef thy.

{Gaayatun Nahayah, Safa no.354}

[4]Imam Khateeb Bagdadi (Rahimahullah) ne in ki zabardasht tareef karne k baad farmaya:

وكان ثقة

Aur yeh siqa thy

{Tareekh-e-Bagdad, Jild no.5, Safa no.473, Raqam no.3024}

DOOSRA RAVI :

Imam Abu Abbas Muhammad Bin Yaqoob Bin Yousuf (Rahimahullah) siqa hai.

1. Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة
Siqa hai

{Al-Ma’aeen Fi Tabqatil Muhadithseen, Safa no.28, Raqam no.1251}

TEESRA RAVI :

Muhammad Bin Khalid Khali (Rahimahullah) b siqa hai.

[1]Imam Nasai (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقةٌ

Siqa hai

{Tasmeyata Mashayekhe Nasai, Safa no.50, Raqam no.16}

[2]Imam Darqutni (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقةٌ
Siqa hai

{Sowalate Salami Lil Darqutni, Safa no.278, Raqam no.331}

[3]Imam Abdur Rehman Razi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

صدوق

Sacha hai

{Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.7, Safa no.244, Raqam no.1343}

[4]Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

الامام العالم الحجة

Duniya k imam hujjut thy

{Seyeer Alamul Nubla, Jild no.10, Safa no.641, Raqam no.225}

[5]Imam Ibne Hajar (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

صدوق

Sacha hai

{Taqreeb At-Tahzeeb, Jild no.2, Safa no.70}

CHAUTHA RAVI :

Imam Ahmad Bin Khalid (Rahimahullah) b siqa hai.

[1]Yahiya Ibne Ma’een (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة

Siqa hai

{Al-Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.2, Safa no.49, Raqam no.46}

[2]Imam Ibne Hibban (Rahimahullah) ne Kitabus siqaat mein zikr kiya hai.

{Kitabus Siqaat, Jild no.8, Safa no.6, Raqam no.12031}

[3]Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah)  ne kaha:

الامام المحدث الثقة

Siqa muhadithseen k imam

{Seyeer Alamul Nubla, Jild no.9, Safa no.539, Raqam no.209}

PAANCHWA RAVI :

Imam Israil Bin Younis (Rahimahullah) b siqa hai aur Sahih Bukhari wa Muslim k rawe hai.

[1]Imam Yahiya Ibne Ma’een (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة

Siqa hai

{Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.2, Safa no.331, Raqam no.1258, Sanad Sahih, Tareekh-e-Usmain Bin Said Darmi An Yahiya Ibne Ma’een, Safa no.235, Raqam no.911}

[2]Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

كان شيخا ثقة

Sheikh siqa thy

{Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.2, Safa no.331, Raqam no.1258, Sanad Sahih}

[3]Abu Hatim Razi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة

Siqa hai

{Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.2, Safa no.331, Raqam no.1258, Sanad Sahih}

[4]Imam Ibne Hibban (Rahimahullah) ne Kitabus Siqaat mein zikr kiya hai.

{Kitabus Siqaat, Jild no.6, Safa no.79,Raqam no.6810}

[5]Imam Ijlee (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة
Siqa hai

{Siqaat, Jild no.1, Safa no.222, Raqam no.80}

[6]Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah) farmate hai:

الحافظ، الامام الحجة…..قد أثنى على إسرائيل الجمهور، واحتج به الشيخان، وكان حافظا، وصاحب كتاب ومعرفة

Hafiz, Imamul Hujjut….Jamhoor ne Israil ki tareef kie hai, sheikhaan (Imam Bukhari aur Imam Muslim) ne aap say ahtijaj kiya hai, aur aap hafiz thy sahib-e-kitab aur ilm thy

{Seyeer Alamul Nubla, Jild no.7, Safa no.355,358, Raqam no.133}

Inka barpoor difa karte hue Zahabi likhte hai:

إسرائيل اعتمده البخاري ومسلم في الاصول، وهو في الثبت كالاسطوانة، فلا يلتفت إلى تصعيف من ضعفه

Israil par Bukhari aur Muslim ne usool mein atimaad kiya hai, yeh sotoon ki tarha sabit thy, pas un k tadaif karne say yeh daif nahi hogay

{Meezanul Atidaal, Jild no.1, Safa no.209, Raqam no.820}

Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah) Apne kitab “Man Tukalimu Feehi Wa Howa Mosikh” mein in k bare mein kahte hai:

ثقة إمام

Siqa Imam hai

{Safa no.101, Raqam no.32}

Imam Zahabi ka difa in bare mein aur Apne kitab Man Tukalimu Feehi Wa Howa Mosikh mein zikr karna is baat ki dalil hai kii Israil Bin Younis par sab jarah mardood hai.

[7]Imam Ibne Hajar (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة تكلم فيه بلا حجة

Siqa hai baz ne bila hujjut In par kalaam kiya hai

{Taqreeb At-Tahzeeb, Jild no.1, Safa no.88}

CHETWA RAVI :

Abu Hussain Usmain Bin Asim (Rahimahullah) b siqa hai.

[1]Imam Yahiya Ibne Ma’een (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة

Siqa hai

{Al-Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.6, Safa no.161, Raqam no.883, Sanad Sahih}

[2]Imam Sha’abi’e (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

رجل صَالح

Nikh admi hai

{Ilal Wa Ma’arifatur Rijaal, Jild no.1, Safa no.283, Raqam no.453, Sanad Sahih}

[3]Imam Abu Hatim Razi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة

Siqa hai

{Al-Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.6, Safa no.161, Raqam no.883, Sanad Sahih}

[4] Imam Ibne Hibban (Rahimahullah) ne Kitabus Siqaat mein zikr kiya hai.

{Kitabus Siqaat, Jild no.7, Safa no.200,Raqam no.9666}

[5] Imam Ijlee (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة
Siqa hai

{Siqaat, Jild no.2, Safa no.129, Raqam no.1213}

[6] Imam Ibne Shaheen (Rahimahullah) ne Siqaat mein zikr kiya hai.

{Siqaat, Safa no.139,Raqam no.738}

[7] Imam Ibne Jawzi ne kaha:

ثقة ثبت

Siqa sabit hai

{Gaayatun Nahayah, Safa no.226}

[8]Imam Sufiyan (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة ثقة

Siqa siqa hai

{Al-Ma’arifah Wa Tareekh Lil Yaqoob Bin Sufiyan, Jild no.3, Safa no.88}

[9]Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة ثبت صاحب سنة

Siqa sabit sahib-e-sunnat

{Al-Kashif, Jild no.2, Safa no.8, Raqam no.3708}

[10]Imam Ibne Hajar (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة ثبت سني وربما دلس
Siqa sabit sunni aur shayad wo tadlees karte thy

{Taqreeb At-Tahzeeb, Jild no.1, Safa no.660}

Note:Usmain Bin Asim tadlees say bari hai.

SAATWA RAVI :

Yahiya Bin Wasaab (Rahimahullah) b siqa hai.

[1] Imam Yahiya Ibne Ma’een (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة

Siqa hai

{Al-Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.9, Safa no.139, Raqam no.806, Sanad Sahih}

[2]Imam Abu Zurah Razi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة

Siqa hai

{Al-Jarah Wa Tadeel, Jild no.9, Safa no.139, Raqam no.806, Sanad Sahih}

[3]Imam Ibne Sa’id (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

وكان ثقة قليل الحديث صاحب قرآن

Siqa qalilul hadith sahib-e-Quran thy

{Tabqaatul Kubrah, Jild no.6, Safa no.299}
[4]Imam Ijlee (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

تابعي ثقة

Taba’e siqa hai

{Siqaat, Jild no.2, Safa no.358, Raqam no.1999}

[5] Imam Ibne Hibban (Rahimahullah) ne Kitabus Siqaat mein zikr kiya hai.

{Kitabus Siqaat, Jild no.5, Safa no.520,Raqam no.6031}

[5]Imam Zahabi (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة
Siqa hai

{Al-Kashif, Jild no.2, Safa no.378, Raqam no.6261}

[6]Imam Ibne Hajar (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

ثقة عابد

Siqa Abid thy

{Taqreeb At-Tahzeeb, Jild no.2, Safa no.317}

[7]Khairudeen Al-Zarkali (Rahimahullah) ne kaha:

تابعي ثقة قليل الحديث

Taba’e siqa qalel hadith thy

{Al-Aalaam, Jild no.8, Safa no.176}

{8}Imam Masrooq (Rahimahullah) k siqa hone par ijma hai, Aap Sahih Bukhari, Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan Tirmidhi, Sunan Nasai, Sunan Ibne Majah k rawe hai.

Hafiz Ibne Hajar ne kaha:

ثقة فقيه عابد

Siqa,fiqhi aabid

{Taqreeb At-Tahzeeb, Jild no.2, Safa no175}

Aiye Ibn Masood Ra. Ki aur ek Rivayat Taqleed ke bareme :

Abdullah bin Masood Radiallahu Anhu apne Shagird se kahte hai ke :

لا يُقَلِّدَنَّ أَحَدُكُمْ دِينَهُ رَجُلا، فَإِنَ آمَنَ آمَنَ وَإِنْ كَفَرَ كَفَرَ، وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ لا بُدَّ مُقْتَدِينَ فَاقْتَدُوا بِالْمَيِّتِ، فَإِنَ الْحَيَّ لا يُؤْمَنُ عَلَيْهِ الْفِتْنَةُ”

“ Tum Tumhare Deen me kisiki Taqleed na karo, Agar wo kubul karega tho tum khubul karoge, wo radd karega tho tum bhi radd karoge. Agar chahte ho ke kisike pairwi [Iqtadu ] karna tho fauth wale ki karo. Kyunki jo zindah hai wo Fitnonse mahfooz nahi hai.  ”

[ Al Moajam al Kabeer Jild # 9, Safa # 116,  Hadeeth # 8764, Lilkai in Sharah asool al aiteqad Ahlus sunnah no. 130 ]

Upar ki hadith se pata chalta hai ke Abdullah Bin Masood Ra. Ne Taqleed se mana kiya.

Ab aaiye Hadeeth ki roushnime alfaaz [ اقتدو ] ke maane dekte hai.

Nabi E Kareem Sallallahu Alai Wasallam ne farmaya.. :

(اقتدوا بالذين من بعدي : أبو بكر وعمر (رضي اللَّه عَنهما

“ Mere baad Inki Pairwai karo, Abu Backr, Umar [ Radiallahu Anhuma ] ”

[ Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah; Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal aur doosre wagairah me ye zikr aaya hai ]

Aur Waise bhi Ibn Masood Radiallahu Anhu Taqleed karne ka Hukm nahi dete the, wo khud apne apko Taqleed se bachte the aur doosronko bhi bachne ka Hukm dete the..

Hadith :

Abu Musa Al Ashari Radiallahu se beti, poti aur behan ki meeras ke baare mein poocha gaya to unhon ne kaha ke beti ko aadha mileyga aur behan ko aadha mileyga aur agar tum  IBN MASOOD RADIALLAHU ANHU ke yahan ja, shayad woh bhi yahi batayenge.

Phir IBN MASOOD RADIALLAHU ANHU se poocha gaya aur اAbu Musa Al Ashari Radiallah Anhu ki baat bhi pahunchayi gayi to unhonne kaha ke mai agar aisa Fatwa dun tho gumraah hochuka aur SAHIH raaste se bhatakgaya. Mai tho isme wahi Faisla karoonga jo Rasool Allah sale Allah aleh wasallam neh kiya tha ke beti ko aadha mileyga, pothi ko chethahi [6th] hissa mileyga, Is tarha do tahai poori hojayegi aur phir jo baqi bachega woh behan ko mileyga.

Phir Abu Musa Al Ashari Radiallahu anhu ke paas aaye aur IBN MASOOD RADIALLAHU ANHU ki baat untak pohanchai to Unhon neh kaha ke jab taq yeh Aalim tum me Maujood hain mujhse masail nah poocha karo ”..

[ SAHIH AL-BUKHARI 6736 ]

Upar ki Hadeeth se saaf pata chalta hai ke Sahabi e Rasool kiski tarah ishara karke batate the, Wo beshaq Nabi ki Itaaat hi ko batate the..

Tho Malum huwa Taqleed kisi bhi Haal me Jayaz nahi hai.


TAHQEEQ BY YASIIR MAHI & NADEEM SHAIKH.

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