Kyun Muhadditheen Ne Unki Kitaabo Mein Da’eef Hadith’e Rivayat Kiye Hai?

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As’salamualaikum Wa’rahmatullahi Wabarakatuhu..!!

Muqallidonka yeh ek dawa hai ke agar Da’eef hadith ko Radd karna hai tho fir Muhaddithone unki kitaabome kyun Da’eef hadithe rivayat kiye hai ?

Aaiye dekte hai iske peeche Muhaddithonka kya maqsad hai.

[ Taken from the magnificent work of #SHAIKH ZUBAIR ALI ZAI [Rahimahullah] from his tahqiq of the book Fadal as-Salat an-Nabi of Imam Ismaieel bin Ishaq Qadhi page 151 and Ilmi Maqalaat ]

A) IMAM AHMAD AND IBN MAEEN :

وحكى الخليلي في الإرشاد بسند صحيح أن أحمد قال ليحيى بن معين وهو يكتب عن عبد الرزاق عن معمر عن أبان نسخة: “تكتب هذه وأنت تعلم أن أبان كذاب فقال يرحمك الله يا أبا عبد الله, أكتبها وأحفظها حتى إذا جاء كذاب يرويها عن معمر عن ثابت عن أنس أقول له كذبت, إنما هو أبان

Khaleeli Rah. Apne “ AL IRSHAD “ me SAHIH SANAD Ke Rivayat karte hai ke :

Imam Ahmed [Rahimahullah], Imam Ibn Ma’eef [Rahimahullah] ek Niskhah An Abdur Razaq-An Mo’mar- An Abaan likte waqt farmate hai ke..
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Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah) K Ek Farmaan Ki Tahqeeq

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Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal (Rahimahullah) farmate hai:

ثنا محمد بن يوسف القطان النيسابوري لفظا قال انا محمد بن عبد الله بن محمد الحافظ قال سمعت أبا زكريا يحيى بن محمد العنبري يقول سمعت أبا العباس احمد بن محمد السجزى يقول سمعت النوفلي يعنى أبا عبد الله يقول سمعت احمد بن حنبل يقول إذا روينا عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في الحلال والحرام والسنن والأحكام تشددنا في الأسانيد وإذا روينا عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم في فضائل الأعمال وما لا يضع حكما ولا يرفعه تساهلنا في الأسانيد

Rasoolullah ﷺ say jo rewayaat halhaal, aur haraam, aur sunan aur ahkaam k bare mein ho toh Hum isnaad mein sakhte say kaam lete hai aur Rasoolullah ﷺ say jo rewayaat fadailil aamaal k bare mein ho aur jo naya hukum ko nahi lata hoon ya hata ho toh Hum isnaad mein narmi barat’tay hai. Continue reading

Imaam Muqbil Bin Haadee Explains Al-Jarh Al-Mufassar

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Shaikh Muqbil bin Haadee al-Waadi’ee was asked, “When both Jarh and Ta’deel are combined in a person, then which of them is given precedence?”

He replied, “When the Jarh is Mufassar, it is given precedence. However, it is desireable to look at the criticiser (Jaarih), is he one of those that can be relied upon, such as Yahyaa bin Ma’een, Bukhaaree, Ahmad bin Hanbal, Yahyaa al-Qattaan, Abdur-Rahmaan bin Mahdee, Abu Zur’ah and Abu Haatim, so if he is of this type, then it is accepted and it is a Jarh Mufassar. And al-Jarh al-Mufassar is like when someone says, “He errs”, “he has errors”, “munkar ul-hadeeth”, “kadhdhaab”, “matrook” All of this is Jarh Mufassar. Similarly, “Da’eef Jiddan”. So the likes of this Jarh Mufassar is given precedence over ta’deel.” (Ijaabat us-Saa’il Alaa Ahammil-Masaail p.497, Dar ul-Hadeeth, Dammaaj)
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Imam Muhammad Bin Hasan (M.189 Hijri) Par Muhadithseen Ki Jarah

Fiqah Hanfi k mashoor imam aur Imam Abu Haneefa (Rahimahullah) k Shagarid Abu Abdullah Muhammad Bin Al-Hasan Bin Farqad Ash-Shaybaani Al-Faqeeh (M.189 Hijri) par Muhadithseen kiraam ki jarah pesh-e-khidmat hai:

1.Imaam Abu Zakariyyah Yahya Bin Ma’een Bin Awn Al-Baghdaadi (Rahimahullah) (M. 233 Hijri) ne kaha: “Jahmi Kazzab”.

{Kitaab Ad-Du’afa Lil Ukaylee, Safa no.1217, Rawe no.1611, Sanad Sahih}
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Simaak Bin Harb Al-Dhahli (Rahimahullah)

Full Name: Simaak bin Harb bin Aws bin Khaalid bin Nazaar bin Mu’awiyah bin Haarithah bin Rabi’ah bin Aamir bin Dhahal bin Tha’labah

Nasab: Al-Dhahli, Al-Bukri, Al-Koofi

Tabaqah: 4

Kuniyah: Abul Mugheerah

Status: Thiqah

Simaak bin Harb is the narrator of Sihah Sittah and is one of the Tabi’een

His narrations in Sahihayn are as follows:

Saheeh Bukhaaree = H. 6722

Saheeh Muslim = 224, 128/436, 458, 459, 499, 606, 618, 643, 670, 734, 862, 866, 965, 978, 173/1075, 1385, 11/1504, 6/1628, 18/1651, 13/1671, 1680, 1692, 1693, 1748, 6,7/1821, 1846, 1922, 1984, 2053, 2135, 2248, 2277, 44/2305, 2322, 2329, 2339, 2344, 2361, 2745, 42,43/2763, 78/2919, 2923, 2977, 2978

According to the counting of Fawaad Abdul Baaqi, these are the forty five (45) narrations. Some narrations among them are repeated more than once, so we come to know that there are more than 45 narrations of Simaak in Saheeh Muslim. Many of his narrations are also present in Sunan Abi Dawood, Sunan Tirmidhi, Sunan Ibn Maja, and Sunan Nasaa’ee.

Now let’s come and read about Simaak bin Harb and the reasearch on him. Continue reading

Mursal Hadeeth is not evidence

Praise be to Allah,This article is regarding the Mursal hadeeth(A Tabiyee narrating directly from Prophet peace be upon him leaving a sahabi from the chain), Mursal hadeeth is not evidence according to the Majority of the scholars of Islam, Including Companions of Prophet peace be upon him, and the claim that Imam Ash Shafiee was the first one who rejected mursal is false claim, Proof for this claim is  

a) It is mentioned in Muqaddimah of Sahih Muslim that a) Mujahid said “
جاء بشير العدوي إلى ابن عباس فجعل يحدث ويقول : قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم . قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، فجعل ابن عباس لا يأذن لحديثه ولا ينظر إليه . فقال : يا ابن عباس ما لي لا أراك تسمع لحديثي ؟ أحدثك عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا تسمع ؟ فقال ابن عباس : إنا كنا مرة إذا سمعنا رجلا يقول قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ابتدرته أبصارنا وأصغينا إليه بآذاننا ، فلما ركب الناس الصعب والذلول لم ينفذ من الناس إلا ما نعرف .

Basheer bin Ka’ab (Tabiyee) came to Ibne Abbas (Sahabi) and said Prophet peace be upon him said this(he again said) Prophet peace be upon him said this but Ibne Abbas was not paying attention to him in fact he was not even watching him, He( Tabiyee) said I do not see you hear my hadeeth, I am narrating the hadeeth of Prophet peace be upon him but you do not hear? Ibn Abbas replied: previously when we heard a person saying Prophet of Allah peace be upon him said this, our eyes also sees him quickly and our ears listened him, But when People started following wrong way(started narrating weak and fabricated ahadeeth) then we left listening ahadeeth except the ahadeeth we already knew.[Muqaddimah Sahih Muslim no: 21]
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